ART, film history, films

What’s all the hype about: The Graduate

By the late 1960s, as a result of television, the HUAC (House of Un-American Activities Commitee) and the break up of vertical integration, every studio faced a financial crisis. The only bright spots were a few low-budget films, usually aimed at the college audience, that achieved remarkable returns like Bonnie and Clyde (1967) or Midnight Cowboy (1969). But the winner in the low-budget sweepstakes was the independent release The Graduate (1967). It cost $3 million…
ART, film history, films

The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner

Kitchen Sink Realism (or kitchen sink drama) is a term coined to describe a British cultural movement that developed during the period from 1958 to 1963 in theatre, art, novels, film and television plays, whose protagonists usually could be described as angry young men (hence Kitchen Sink Realism is also sometimes referred to by Angry Young Men, coined by John Osborne’s play Look Back in Anger) dealing with the gritty realities of the working class…
ART, films, screenwriting

Beat Sheet Creation in Screenwriting

A common road map for screenwriting is based on fulfilling the following steps in order: LOGLINE – premise / idea 3 SENTENCES – beginning / middle / end 3 PARAGRAPHS – expanded beginning / middle / end TREATMENT – short story version not in script form. > 2-4 pgs, 6-8 pgs, 10-12 pgs for business / pitch – just know the story of your movie. You’ll get paid to write the whole script based on…
ART, film history, films

Classical Hollywood Cinema

In 1912, independent producer Carl Laemmle, who had doggedly fought the MPPC (Edison’s Motion Picture Patent Company), was pivotal in forming the Universal Film Manu­facturing Company, a distribution firm to release the output of his own Independent Motion Picture Com­pany and several other independent and foreign firms. By 1913, Laemmle had gained control of the new com­pany, and in 1915 he opened Universal City, a studio north of Hollywood, forming the basis of a com­plex…
ART, film history, films

1900s: Early Cinema in the United States

This is the 1900s, pre-Hollywood era. The studios are still based mainly in New York but will move to Los Angeles not long after. The Nickelodeon Boom The main trend in the American film industry from 1905 to 1907 was the rapid multiplication of film theaters. These were typically small stores, installed with fewer than two hundred seats. Admission was usually a nickel (hence the term nickelodeon) or a dime for a program running fifteen…
ART, film history, films

1900s: The Beginnings of Cinema Industry in Europe

Although Amer­ican films were sold abroad, U.S. firms concentrated on the domestic market. As a result, France and Italy were soon to move ahead of the United States and control the international film trade until the mid-1910s. France. Pathé versus Gaumont Pathé After the Lumière Brothers and Mèlies, two other firms that were to dominate the French film industry were formed. Charles Pathé was a phonograph seller and exhibitor in the early 1890s. In 1895,…
ART, film history, films

Cinema of attractions in the 19th Century.

Long before film existed the human mind had the ability to play out visual narratives based on the physical constraints of our eyes. Film is an externalization of that ability, where we see outside of our bodies what had previously be confined in our minds. But when did we start creating films and pursuing the capture of movement? Tom Gunning introduced the term «cinema of attractions». As he puts it: «the cinema of attractions solicits…
ART, film history, films

Comedy in The Gold Rush (1925)

The Gold Rush abounds with comedy scenes. The film narrates the complicated and fun experiences of Charles Chaplin in the search of enough gold to help him escape the poverty in which he lives. During the trip he meets a dangerous criminal (Black Larsen), another gold digger who will become his ally (Big Jim McKay) and an attractive dancer named Georgia with whom would will fall madly in love. The historic horrors of the starving…
ART, cinematography, films

What’s so special about Mr. Robot (2015)?

Director of Photography: Tod Cambell Mr. Robot is a show about a young, anti-social computer programmer, Elliot Alderson (Rami Malek), who works as a cybersecurity engineer during the day, but at night he is a vigilante hacker. It’s all about hiding, about feeling trapped and finding a new escape. Elliot is recruited by the mysterious leader of an underground group of hackers to join their organisation, and help bring down corporate America, including the company…
ART, film history, films

Citizen Kane (1941)

Its release was highly controversial, because the argument had elements of the lives of public men, belonging to the mass media. It wasn’t a first for Orson Welles himself, who already struck public controversy, after causing panic as a result of his radio broadcast of the novel by Herbert G. Wells, The War of the Worlds. The film fell into oblivion, and was rescued the French, particularly Jean-Paul Sartre. Admired by most, but also despised…
Los Angeles, PERSONAL, travelling diaries

West Hollywood Halloween Carnival

For a moment there Los Angeles felt like Berlin. Careless, loud, colourful, free, gay, happy, boisterous, cheap, techno. And for a moment I was back, home. It is this awkward time of the year when girls dress up as sluts and guys dress up as girls. But some very interesting ideas too! West Hollywood was celebrating its annual Halloween parade on Santa Monica Boulevard, between Doheny Dr. and Holloway St. and this is what happened.…
ART, cinematography, films

The meaning of color in Black Swan (2010)

I’m sure you are aware that different colors evoke different feelings on people. Like, for instance, orange looks warm and perhaps aggressive, while blue is cold and calm. Green is the color of hope and also envy, whereas red is passion, white means purity, black can represent death… and so on. For a more technical approach on color, I wrote about it here (Color Teories), and here (Digital Representation of Color). In film we are…
Los Angeles, PERSONAL, travelling diaries

Things to know when arriving in Los Angeles

Finally here. It’s 6pm on a Friday. I just want to leave for the weekend already. The american adventure has only just started but I’m already tired of being homeless. But I don’t want to come through as a complainer; everything else is going great. It’s just the settling down and looking for a normal day to day life that is beginning to bother me. There are so many things I wish I knew before…
ART, photography

Underwater rivers in Anatoly Beloshchin photography

Russian photographer Anatoly Beloshchin has witnessed a lot of exciting adventures in his career — from getting to walk on the icy surface of remote Antarctica to swimming around with massive underwater creatures such as sharks, manatees and even whales. Beloshchin and his team went scuba diving in one of the cenotes of Yucatán Peninsula. A cenote is a natural pit, or sinkhole, resulting from the collapse of limestone bedrock that exposes crystal clear groundwater…
ART, people reviews, photography

Bruce Mozert’s underwater geniality

As I was looking back at my summer photographs, underwater GoPro for the most part, I began to realise how recent it is that underwater photography is common to everyday life. Practically anyone today can instagram and share a snap or two from the surfing vacation, snorkelling, wakeboarding or simply chilling in the pool, but I still remember my teenage me wanting a camera case to go dive with it, and then being still too…
coding, css, How To, html, TECH

6 methods to vertically align anything in pure CSS

This is a common problem with front-end web design. Browsers and CSS still need to work on easy vertical alignment. Having to use onload javascript and inline CSS for this matter is gross! But there are pure CSS solutions, only not straight forward. The example HTML code for this is the following, where we want the children to be vertically centered in the parent element: The translateY method Already appointed by Chris Coyier back in…
PERSONAL, travelling diaries

Javea summer

Summer is for the fun stuff. In this occasion we went for Jávea. Having a friend host us in his B&B, Youth Hostel Javea, was a great excuse to visit this lovely mediterranean coastal retreat. We took time to do some kayaking (with these guys), snorkelling and banana!! This last one is one hell of a ride in an inflatable banana firmly pulled by a zig-zagging zodiac. Totally recommended for a big laugh. The kayaking…
coding, How To, php, TECH, Wordpress

How to override parent theme functions in WordPress

If you’re a WordPress theme developer/customizer you’ll have probably encountered the need to modify parent theme properties in a child theme. Different entities work differently: Templates: php templates are totally replaced by the child theme if the file has the same name, Styling: css is appended (because you’re are actually including the parent’s css to the top of the child’s) so any object with the same id will be overwritten. Functions: but functions from the…
ART, How To, photography, retouch, sql, TECH

How to recover from a corrupt Lightroom Catalog

… once and for all. If you are a photographer that uses Lightroom you might have encountered a catalog problem. Sometimes they just clear up by themselves, but it may occur that you lose some of your precious work along the way. The first thing you should try upon encounter of a message like this one above, is to delete the .lock file. Together with the catalog (.lrcat) you should find .lrcat-journal, .lrdata and .lock…
cgi, films, media artist, TECH, video

Technology in film

On perhaps far too many occasions we have been bombarded with almost all screen CGI productions. In many of them, not too subtle either. Computer Generated Imaging is becoming a standard in film because it provides a clean scenario of infinite possibilities; but most importantly, cheaper than going into deep ocean or outer space. But it’s not only on sci-fi movies that we get to use CGI. Even low-key home movies use computer technology to…